Dhamek Stupa which is likewise spelled as Dhamekh and Dhamekha is quite possibly the most renowned and Buddhist stupas situated in Sarnath close to Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Initially underlying 249 BCE during the rule of ruler Ashoka of the Maurya Dynasty, this enormous and noticeable structure has over the long haul experienced a few extensions and increments. This strong round and hollow molded Stupa made of red blocks and stone in its current position remain at a stature of 43.6 m with a breadth of 28 m. The criticalness of this consecrated spot is that it denotes the spot where Lord Buddha lectured the main lesson to His five trains subsequent to accomplishing edification in Bodh Gaya. Buddhist pioneers from around the globe visit Sarnath to circumambulate the sacred Stupa and love Lord Buddha. Public and worldwide vacationers likewise rush to Sarnath to get a brief look at Buddhist engineering and culture at this huge focus of Buddhism.
This enormous Stupa is round and hollow fit as a fiddle and worked with red blocks and stone with the lower part being altogether covered with stylishly satisfying cut stones. Probably the base of the Stupa goes back to the Ashokan period. Veneering sandstone encase the structure till the tallness of 11.2 m and specialties confronting 8 bearings that conceivably held pictures before are available. The stone looking under the specialties are ornamented with fine botanical carvings that show elevated level of craftsmanship on stone during the time of Gupta Dynasty. Br?hm? content is scratched on the mass of the Stupa alongside gloriously etched flower and mathematical plans and puppets of feathered creatures and people.
Following the parinirvana of Lord Buddha, His human remaining parts after incineration were circulated and covered under 8 hills and the ashes and urn were put under 2 different hills making the most of a sum of 10 such landmarks comprising the relics of Lord Buddha. Despite the fact that absence of appropriate data with respect to such old landmarks made it hard to distinguish the first 10 hills comprising of the relics of Lord Buddha, apparently the Stupas at Sanchi and Sarnath are elaborative and beautifying extensions of two such unique hills. Incredible Indian Emperor, Ashoka of the Maurya Dynasty who ruled over nearly the whole Indian subcontinent from c. 268 to 232 BCE tried in building a few Stupas comprising of relics of Lord Buddha and His followers across India in his interest to spread Buddhism. In 249 BCE he charged to assemble the Dhamek Stupa in Sarnath which was later reproduced in 500 CE alongside development of different structures in Sarnath. Chinese Buddhist priest, researcher, interpreter and explorer Xuanzang visited Sarnath in 640 CE during which time he recorded the stature of the Stupa to be around 91 m and referenced presence of 1500 clerics in the settlement.