Literature:- Famous Indian scholars who have dwelled in the city were Kabir, Ravidas, and Tulsidas, who composed a lot of his Ram Charit Manas here. Kulluka Bhatt composed the most popular record of Manusmriti in Varanasi in the fifteenth century. Essayists of the city have included Acharya Shukla, Baldev Upadhyaya, Bharatendu Harishchandra, Devaki Nandan Khatri, Premchand, Hazari Prasad Dwivedi, Jaishankar Prasad, Kshetresa Chandra Chattopadhyaya, Sudama Pandey (Dhoomil), Vagish Shastri, and Vidya Niwas Mishra.
Art:- Varanasi is a significant focus of expressions and plans. It is a maker of silks and brocades with gold and silver string work, cover weaving, wooden toys, bangles made of glass, ivory work, scents, imaginative metal and copper product,s and an assortment of handiworks. The cantonment memorial park of the British Raj is currently the area of Varanasi Arts and Crafts.
Music:- Varanasi music convention is followed to the Pauranic days. As indicated by old legend, Shiva is credited with advancing music and dance structures. During the archaic period, Vaishnavism, a Bhakti development, filled in fame, and Varanasi turned into a flourishing community for performers, for example, Surdas, Kabir, Ravidas, Meera, and Tulsidas. During the monarchic guideline of Govind Chandra in the sixteenth century, the Dhrupad way of singing got illustrious support and prompted other related types of music, for example, Dhamar, Hori, and Chaturanga. By and by the Dhrupad maestro Pandit Ritwik Sanyal from Varanasi is working for the restoration of this craftsmanship music.
Festival:- On Maha Shivratri (February), a parade of Shiva continues from the Mahamrityunjaya Temple to the Kashi Vishwanath Temple. Dhrupad Mela is a five-day melodic celebration gave to dhrupad style held at Tulsi Ghat in February–March. The Sankat Mochan Hanuman Temple observes Hanuman Jayanti on the birthday of Hanuman. A unique puja, aarti, and a public parade is coordinated. Since 1923, the sanctuary has coordinated five-day old-style music and dance show celebration named Sankat Mochan Sangeet Samaroh, wherein notorious specialists from all pieces of India are welcome to perform. The Ramlila of Ramnagar is a sensational establishment of Ramas legend, as told in Ramacharitamanasa. The plays, supported by Kashi Naresh, are acted in Ramnagar each night for 31 days. On the most recent day, the merriments arrive at a crescendo as Rama vanquishes the evil presence of ruler Ravana. Kashi Naresh Udit Narayan Singh began this convention around 1830.